Cairns is a cosmopolitan city with 140,000 residents in North Queensland. The city serves as a base for visitors to explore some of Australia's most spectacular natural wonders, including the Great Barrier Reef, Cape Tribulation, the Daintree Rainforest, and Kuranda.
There are a number of beach resorts close to Cairns and the city itself also has plenty to offer, with great nightlife and a wide variety of accommodation. The food is good, too, with a huge range of restaurants offering Asian and international cuisine. Japanese food is a particular strong point.
Cairns is a renowned hub for backpackers and that helps to create a buzzing atmosphere in the city's many pubs and clubs. Look out for the tropical fruit wine that is made locally in the surrounding fruit farms.
Cairns is surrounded by tropical rainforest and much of it is easily accessible from the city. There are more than 200 hiking trails taking you through this UNESCO World Heritage Site, offering a wonderful way to get closer to the spectacular forests and mountains.
If you prefer your nature a little closer to home, visit the Cairns Wildlife Dome on the roof of the Reef Hotel Casino. Here you will find a replica rainforest environment, complete with koalas, wallabies, crocodiles, and parrots.
The Great Barrier Reef is perhaps the major tourist attraction in the Cairns area. There are lots of operators offering day tours or overnight cruises to the reef, where you can scuba dive or snorkel on one of the world's great natural wonders.
Cairns is a major center for adventure sports enthusiasts. You can try hang gliding, skydiving, or whitewater rafting. Hot air ballooning is particularly popular, and the local climate of clear sunny weather and light winds makes it perfect for the sport. Trips start at daybreak and offer spectacular views across the region.
The Cairns Museum offers an interesting depiction of the history of Cairns and the surrounding area. Cairns Regional Gallery, meanwhile, is housed in a handsome 1930s building and hosts regularly changing exhibitions of local artists.
The peak tourist season in Cairns is from May to November, when temperatures are cooler at 78 degrees Fahrenheit and humidity is low. The wet season starts in December and runs through to February, with temperatures reaching 89 degrees Fahrenheit and humidity hitting 62 percent.
Cairns Airport (CNS) offers both international and domestic services. There are direct flights to New Zealand, Japan, Hong Kong, Guam, Singapore, and Indonesia. Domestic flights go to Adelaide, Brisbane, Melbourne, Sydney, Perth and the Gold Coast. A shuttle bus connects the airport with the city. It departs hourly and the fare is A$15. Taxis are also available and a typical fare into the city center is around A$30.
Cairns train station is sited in Cairns Central shopping center, and is close to the waterfront and most of the major hotels. There are regular services to Brisbane, Rockhampton, and Townsville. A single fare to Brisbane is from A$132. A second line, the Kuranda Scenic Railway, runs daily to Kuranda, stopping on top of the spectacular Barron Gorge for a great photo opportunity.
The main north-south route is the Bruce Highway, which runs along the coast for more than 1,000 miles. It will take 22 hours to drive non-stop to Brisbane but there are many interesting towns along the route where you can break your journey and explore.
Greyhound Australia offers regular services between Cairns and major Australian cities such as Brisbane, Melbourne, and Sydney. The bus station is on Pier Point Road, near the beach. A typical one-way fare from Sydney is around A$410 and the journey takes around 50 hours.
Cairns has a compact city center and most tourist accommodation is fairly central. The Cairns Beach House Backpackers Hostel offers shared dorm accommodation, and has a good pool and bar onsite. The Holiday Inn Cairns has a great location on the Esplanade. The Sebel Cairns is a good upscale hotel with spacious rooms and excellent views over the city and harbor.
Downtown - this is the city's buzzing center. You will find plenty of nightlife, restaurants, and bars, and lovely views from the Esplanade. Most of the attractions are close by and tours tend to leave from the area, so Cairns Downtown is a good choice if you don't have a car.
Palm Cove - this is a quieter option for a more relaxed visit. It has a lovely beachfront with good hotels and restaurants. The Esplanade is lined with 500-year-old Melaleuca trees, while coconut palms offer shade on the beach. The area is known for its spas and the Tjapukai Aboriginal Cultural Park.
Yorkeys Knob - this is a sleepy beach area with some bed and breakfast and apartment accommodation. A must-see for every visitor is the Boating Club, which offers stunning views from its perch over Half Moon Bay.
Cairns has a good bus network operated by Sunbus. There are frequent services from the city center to all of the suburbs and the Northern Beaches. Single fares are from A$2.20 or you can buy a daily ticket covering the entire network for A$13.40.
Taxis are widely available across the city. The starting fare is A$6.20 and you will then pay A$3.64 per mile.
A car can be convenient to visit some of the outlying attractions and beautiful countryside, although most of the tourist sites within the city itself are easily reached on foot. Car rental will cost around A$50 per day, and Avis and Sixt are both present in town.
There are Night Markets every night on the Esplanade, with stalls selling clothes, games, and local crafts. Cairns Central is the city's main shopping mall, with 180 stores and lots of restaurants. Here you can buy a wide range of fashion and household goods. The area is also known for its pearls, with the best coming from Torres Strait. They are widely available from stores in the city center.
Smithfield Shopping Centre has two supermarkets and is a good option for food shopping, while Rusty's Market on Grafton Street specializes in local produce. A quart of milk in Cairns is around A$1.25, while a pound of apples will cost A$2.20.
The area around the Esplanade is packed with restaurants and bars, with lots of grills and seafood. Japanese food is also extremely popular. Sushi Express serves up its dishes from a sushi train designed to look like the Kuranda Railway. Dishes range from A$2.50 to A$4.50, and they also serve tempura and sashimi. Rattle 'N Hum is a popular grill on the Esplanade, offering main dishes from around A$20. The wood-fired pizza is good and it has a number of excellent local beers. Villa Romana Trattoria is a good Italian with some tasty seafood dishes.